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A Guide to Planting Roses

Homeowners are encouraged to test their soils ...

Before committing your plants to the ground, take some time to observe the sun and shade patterns in your yard, garden, or any landscape parcel on which you intend to grow roses. Mark those spots that experience direct sunlight for at least six hours daily, ideally with the majority of sun exposure occurring in the morning.

Get an understanding of the soil quality you need to grow roses. If you have not grown roses in your yard before, you can take a soil sample to your local garden center for analysis to see what, if any preparation it needs to become rose-friendly.

A specific soil consistency with low sand and clay content, and good drainage is the best suited for rose planting. Choosing the right soil is important because of the rose plant‘s complex root system, which needs a soil that provides enough give for root growth, and is able to sustain the natural fungi and other organisms that are vital to the plant‘s health.

The deep roots of rose plants need unobstructed access to water. About an inch a week of deep watering should keep your roses healthy and blooming all season.

Water deeply to make sure the roots can access it; shallow watering will not provide the hydration you roses need; water needs to make it to the subsoil at least to benefit the plants.

The best soil for roses contains a natural system of bacteria and other organisms that your roses need to grow and blossom. When preparing the soil for your rose garden, make sure your new plants will not be competing with existing plants in the vicinity for water and nutrients.

Steer clear of existing root systems when you dig. Roses do not thrive when planted with anything but other roses and certain non-invasive plants.

SpaceĀ  your roses appropriately to give each plant unobstructed air circulation. Roses that are crowded are susceptible to powdery mildew, a disease that preys on vulnerable roses. After you’ve chosen the best spot, determine the proper depth for your roses according to the size of the root system.

The climate in which you live will be a determining factor in the depth of the hole you dig; roses grown in colder climates need to establish deeper root systems to protect against freezing weather and drought at the ground surface.

Loosen the bottom soil before inserting the root ball, and mix in some bone meal and compost to boost initial root growth. Finally, pack the soil to eradicate air bubbles, and give your newly planted roses a thorough deep watering, adding extra soil if necessary as the plant settles.

If your soil is good, you shouldn’t need to add fertilizer during the growing season. Maintain a deep watering schedule of twice weekly, and water in the daytime as opposed to evening to avoid powdery mildew outbreaks.

In a matter of weeks, your newly planted roses will begin bringing your yard a season full of color and fragrance.

Pat Sheriden is a Rose Gardening enthusiast. For more great information on Rose Planting, Visit Rose Gardening Central.
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